TRUFFLES – LAND, CLIMATE and TREES
We will need; your GPS co-ordinates, cold units and an idea of how many hectares you are considering for truffle establishment (.5ha +. Our recommended minimum is 3ha)
Mushrush as your truffle tree supplier
- We are SACNASP registered and a member of the SASPP
- We do not insist on any contractual obligations with growers
- We are uniquely positioned to supply truffle trees for plantations from ¼ hectare and upwards
- Our expertise in South African agriculture, plant pathology and mycology root us firmly in this nascent industry
- Our network includes local and internationally recognized experts in the field of truffle tree production
- Our truffle nursery production protocols and facilities are in line with proven international standards.
Ideal plantation sites have:
- Moderate winter and summer temperatures
- Free draining low clay soils
- Water available for irrigation
Mushrush works with you to select the most suitable site, taking into consideration terrain and climatic characteristics.
- June/July minimum temperatures, less than 10° C. December/January average maximum temperatures, less than24° C.
- Temperatures outside this range are not ideal but may be tempered with mulching and use of slope aspects
- Dynamic cold units: 800
- Permeable and well aerated (free draining loam soils)
- Rocky soils
- pH between 7.9 – 8.2
- Waterlogged soils are to be avoided completely
- No sub-soil compaction layers
Water and irrigation
- Irrigation starts at the end of October to April, with January, February and March being the most intensive time period.
- 400-600 trees per hectare based on your site’s micro-climate.
- More trees gives a denser mycelial network.
- Filtered sunlight (70% shade)
- Mushrush supply Holm Oak, – the European’s tree of choice
- Annual soil testing is necessary to determine top-up lime.
- Irrigation management ensures healthy truffle fungus and it’s spread through your plantation.
- Plantation health advice is provided by our registered natural scientific professionals.
- Regular removal of weeds around the trunks. Mow between the lines with a light tractor fitted with fat tyres. Aerate the soil in early Spring with a shallow-tine implement.
- As the truffle fungus establishes on the tree roots, a bare area (brulé) will form under the trees indicating that the Tuber melanosporum fungus is established and providing nutrients to the trees.
- Our professionals will visit to evaluate mycorrhizal density and quantity using DNA analysis.
We provide hunting and harvesting services with our trained dog.